Wednesday, October 23, 2013

The Large Hadron Collider (LHC)

The Large Hadron Collider (LHC)

The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is the world's largest -energy particle accelerator, and considered as one of the milestone in the History of Discovery .It was built by the (CERN)"European Organization Nuclear Research for " from 1998  with aim of allowing  to test the predictions of different theories of particle physics and high-energy physics, and particularly prove or disprove the existence of the theorized Higgs boson and of the large family of new particles predicted by super symmetric theories It woll also help The Scientist about How the World was born,,but the scientist still believe that the univerese was born by Big-bang collision. The LHC is expected to address some of the still unsolved questions of physics, advancing human understanding of physical laws. It contains six detectors each designed for specific kinds of exploration.
1). How the World was born
2). Is God Exist
3) Which is the matter Gives mass to one object
These Are the Questions placed to the Experiment.

The LHC went live on 10 September 2008, with proton beams successfully circulated in the main ring of the LHC for the first time,but 9 days later a faulty electrical connection led to the rupture of a liquid helium enclosure, causing both a magnet quench and several tons of helium gas escaping with explosive force. The incident resulted in damage to over 50 superconducting magnets and their mountings, and contamination of the vacuum pipe, and delayed further operations by 14 months. On November 20th 2009 proton beams were successfully circulated again, with the first recorded proton–proton collisions occurring 3 days later at the injection energy of 450 GeV per beam. On March 30th 2010, the first collisions took place between two 3.5 TeV beams, setting the current world record for the highest-energy man-made particle collisions,and the LHC began its planned research program.




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